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University at Buffalo Libraries

Charles B. Sears Law Library SUNY Buffalo Law School

Collection Development Policy

Charles B. Sears Law Library, State University of New York at Buffalo, February 2009

The collection development policy is a "living" document, updated regularly to embrace faculty and student preferences, curricular needs, and budgetary realities.


The Law Library's primary mission and the primary goal of the collection development policy is to support the study, teaching, and research of the U.B. Law School community. The Law Library also serves the legal information needs of the University community by providing basic legal materials.

Secondarily, as befitting its status as a resource for the practicing bar and the Western New York community, the Law Library attempts to maintain as complete a collection of primary source materials at the state and federal level as possible. The collection tends to be more research-oriented than practitioner-oriented.

Historically, the SUNY Buffalo Law School has had an interdisciplinary emphasis and relies on the holdings of other campus libraries. Efforts are made toward cooperative collection development and management with other campus libraries.

The Law Library is committed to providing easy access to information in an atmosphere conducive to study and research, a collection development policy that includes print, electronic and other non-print material, and expert information access services that promote the effective use of the library's resources.

The Law Library supports the A.L.A. Bill of Rights, Intellectual Freedom Statement and its statement on Challenged Materials. No censorship will be exercised due to the controversial nature or unpopularity of an author's point of view or mode of expression.


The Law Library, under the direction of the Director of the Law Library and the Head of Collection Management, is responsible for stewardship of acquisitions funds allocated to support the Law School's mission.

Selection of resources is collaborative. Librarians are responsible for selecting monographs in assigned subject areas. Their assigned subject areas reflect expertise in a subject or a connection to the subject area through their assigned faculty liaisons. Law Faculty may make selection requests directly though the Acquisitions Department using the selection criteria listed below.

Initial requests for serials, periodicals, and works requiring fund encumbrances in future budget years will be reviewed by the Head of Collection Management. Large purchases and overarching policy decisions or initiatives are the focus of the Collection Management Committee. This committee, chaired by the Head of Collection Management, advises the Director of the Law Library regarding collections matters.


Selection decisions involve a range of factors including: program relevance, collection depth and breadth, quality, format, accessibility, permanence, price and language. Attendant factors include: staff costs, storage, space, and hardware and software requirements. Specific considerations are listed below.



  • The collection includes materials in paper (hard/soft cover), audiotape, videotape, microfilm, microfiche, CD-ROM, computer disk, DVD, and local and online sources. The acquisition and maintenance of print looseleaf publications is typically limited to essential titles not available in other formats.
  • Online digital resources often present several advantages over print: they may be accessed by multiple users simultaneously; use is not limited to the physical premises of the library or the hours the library is open; they are not subject to misfiling, misplacement, vandalism, or theft; and they remain accessible when print materials may be damaged or inaccessible.
  • Print resources often present several advantages over online: examples may include highly structured resources such as statutory codes, or book-length monographs intended for sustained, reflective reading.
  • Responsible stewardship of limited financial resources demands minimizing redundancy of formats. In many cases responsible stewardship means access to a resource instead of ownership of it. Therefore, service needs may be met from electronic resources or resources obtained through interlibrary loan in addition to purchased or tangible resources.


  • Materials relevant to the law school curriculum and law faculty research areas have the highest priority. Section XV outlines relevant substantive areas.
  • Research level works and works by prominent authors in a profession are preferred. Undergraduate texts are not purchased. Lay, popular or "how to" texts may be purchased if determined by the Head of Collection Management to fill a need.
  • Law Faculty requests are given special consideration and are purchased whenever possible.
  • Price and availability in other UB Libraries are considered.
  • Practitioners' materials are purchased selectively for federal and New York jurisdictions; rarely for other states.
  • Fiction is purchased only if the subject matter or author makes the title appropriate for an academic law library.
  • Package plans are given serious consideration. Current subscriptions exist for: the AALL Publication Series, ABA, ALI Restatement, Amnesty International, Lawyers Committee for Human Rights, and Human Rights Watch.
  • Federal and State primary sources and reference tools are collected as described in the collection overview.
  • Government Documents: U.S. and New York government documents are selected via depository programs or purchased individually using general selection criteria. Items are shelved with the regular collection by classification or special location assigned to its title or type of material.
  • State Resources:
    • Session Laws: Complete holdings for all 50 states are kept in microfiche in the Koren AV Center.
    • Current Annotated Statutory Codes: New York (print); all 50 states available via LexisNexis or Westlaw.
    • Superseded Statutory Codes: CA, CT, DE, FL, IL, MA, NJ, PA, OH, TX, DC, GA, LA, ME, MI, NH, NC, RI, SC, VT, VA, WA are kept in microfiche in the Koren AV Center.
    • Digests: NY only
    • Encyclopedias: CA, FL, NY, PA; a few states available on LexisNexis; most states available on Westlaw
    • Administrative codes: NY only; all 50 states available in electronic format either commercially or on state websites
    • Bar Journals
      Microfiche subscription for all available bar journals. Maintain historical paper sets for Core Ten States and only up to beginning of the microfiche collection. Current paper subscriptions retaining only current two years. Maintain full bound sets for New York and ABA.
  • Faculty office copies are purchased depending on subscription and handling costs and after consultation with the Library Director. Filing and updating are the responsibility of the faculty member.
  • Faculty works: Three library copies are purchased: one for the general collection, one for Law Archives, and one for the Faculty Reading Room.
  • Casebooks: Casebooks are selectively purchased for course reserve only. They are not permanently added to the collection.


The Head of Collection Management and Reference Librarians evaluate collections in the library to identify and address:

  • Substantive areas of the collection that may not meet curricular and research needs of our primary patrons;
  • duplicate information for potential cancellation;
  • items lacking long-term research value;
  • items whose obsolete information poses a risk; and
  • other collection management issues that need to be addressed.

Cancellations will be made by the Director of the Law Library or the Head of Collection Management. Depending on the significance of the resource, the Collection Management Committee may be consulted. The Collection Management Committee will make retention decisions for print resources that are canceled.

Cancellations as a result of inflation are an inherent part of collection management. The aim is to maintain comprehensive, research level treatises in print and eliminate the more esoteric treatises unless tailored to a course, concentration, clinic, or faculty research need. In some cases, cancellation of print and reliance on an online treatise may be required. Similarly, the Head of Collection Management may cancel print periodicals that are accessible to patrons in digital format and are not routed to law faculty. The target group of periodical cancellations will be expensive journals in duplicate formats and will typically exclude core law reviews.

Items with little historical value are weeded as they come to the attention of librarians and staff. Items whose obsolete information poses a reliance risk, e.g. cancelled serials, are reviewed by the Head of Collection Management for weeding. If retained, the Head of Collection Management will notify the Head of Cataloging to place a notice prominently on the item. Weeded titles are offered to other units as appropriate before discarding.

Lost Books:
Titles reported missing are searched twice by Circulation staff before marking the BISON record "missing." Replacement titles or looseleaf contents will be purchased if deemed significant to the collection. Entries in the public on-line catalog for items missing more than one year and not replaced will be suppressed.

Brittle Books:
Since the Preservation Office in the University Libraries does not perform conservation work one of the following options must be chosen:

  • Replace with the same exact piece.
  • Replace with a reprint edition.
  • Replace with another format (microform, photocopy, digital, etc.)
  • Have Preservation enclose piece as is, so as to keep together and prevent further deterioration.
  • Discard.

Retrospective collection development:
Retrospective collection development depends on funds and identifying titles that would serve the research and curricular needs of the Law School.

Gift Book Policy:
Gifts are accepted according to the above criteria. Duplicative titles are kept only if high use. A list of titles for charitable donation purposes is prepared upon request.

Rare Books:
Books published before 1875 are in the Morris L. Cohen Rare Book Collection on the third floor.

Law Library as Copy-of-Record:
The Law Library may enter into agreements with other University Library units to become the copy-of-record for a library resource.

  • CQ Weekly, per Beth Adelman and Don Hartman 4/30/2007.


  • Comprehensive: aim is to obtain all significant works in English providing access to historical and present day legal materials. (This level is limited to federal and New York primary legal sources).
  • Research: aim is to obtain major source materials in English to support the curriculum and faculty research including primary and secondary legal sources, important reference works, and a wide selection of specialized monographs and serials.
  • Instructional/Practitioner: aim is to provide access to primary, secondary, and legal reference materials to support the instructional program of the Law School and, as budget permits, the local bar. Selection of monographs and serials is more limited than the research level.
  • Basic: aim is to provide an introduction and indicate the varieties of information available elsewhere. It includes major reference tools, selected important works, serials and bibliographies.

At all collection levels, the collection may include print or reliable digital access.


The Following Categories of Materials Are Being Bound

  1. Federal and state administrative agency decisions when no bound volume is received
  2. Unbound treaty series when no bound volume is received
  3. Journals issued by the SUNY Buffalo Law School
  4. Newspapers, with the exception of New York Law Journal
  5. Superseded looseleaf treatises as identified by a cataloger or the Head of Circulation
  6. Print looseleaf treatises and other items canceled and converted to online subscriptions will be sent to the bindery only after the recommendation of the Collection Management Committee

The following titles are being bound:

  • AALL Spectrum
  • ABA Journal
  • ALLUNY Newsletter
  • Bender’s Immigration Bulletin
  • Buffalo Criminal Law Review
  • Buffalo Environmental Law Journal
  • Buffalo Human Rights Law Review
  • Buffalo Intellectual Property Law Journal
  • Buffalo Law Journal
  • Buffalo Law Review
  • Buffalo Public Interest Law Journal
  • Buffalo Women’s Law Journal
  • CCH Congressional Index
  • Code of Federal Regulations – annual index only
  • Columbia Law Review (Faculty Reading Room copy only)
  • Consolidated Laws Service – index volumes (superseded editions)
  • Constitutions of Dependencies and Territories
  • Constitutions of the Countries of the World
  • Constitutions of the United States, National and State
  • Daily Record (Rochester)
  • Harvard Law Review (Faculty Reading Room copy only)
  • International Legal Materials
  • Interpreter Releases
  • Journal of Affordable Housing and Community Development Law
  • Law and Policy
  • Law Library Journal
  • Legislative Gazette
  • McKinney’s Code of New York – index volumes (superseded editions)
  • New York Code of Rules and Regulations – superseded pages
  • New York Assembly Bills
  • New York Bar Journal
  • New York Senate Bill
  • New York University Law Review (Faculty Reading Room copy only)
  • United Nations – Index to Proceedings (all organs)
  • United Nations Official Records
  • United Nations Treaty Series
  • U.S. Law Week
  • VerdictSearch New York Reporter
  • Yale Law Journal (Faculty Reading Room copy only)


The United States collection is a comprehensive collection of primary legal materials and a research level collection of secondary legal materials.

U.S. Primary Sources

A. Legislative
  • Bills:
    • 97th Congress, 1st Session, 1981+ (microfiche) [no longer being issued in fiche]
    • 103rd Congress available via FDsys
  • Session Laws:
    • Statutes at Large in print and HeinOnline
    • U.S. Code Congressional & Administrative News
    • Public Laws 103rd Congress+ available via FDsys
  • Statutory compilations
    • Early compilations available in Federal Core collection
    • United States Code (1 copy via FDLP; also available via FDsys and HeinOnline)
    • U.S.C.S.
    • U.S.C.A. (2 copies)
  • Treaties and International Agreements - U.S. Depository
    • United States Treaties and Other International Acts
    • United States Treaties and Other International Agreements
    • Senate Treaty Documents
      • 97th Congress, 1st Session, 1981 – 109th Congress, 2006 in CIS Microfiche
      • formerly Senate Executive Documents, 96th Congress, 1973 – 109th Congress, 2006 in CIS Microfiche
B. Judicial
  • Reporters: All current official and unofficial federal reporters
    • United States Reports
    • Supreme Court Reporter (2 copies)
    • United States Supreme Court Reports - Lawyer's Edition
    • Federal Cases (2 copies)
    • Federal Reporter
    • Federal Rules Decisions
    • Federal Supplement
  • Specialized reporters are classified by subject:
    • West's Social Security Reporter – receive rulings volumes only
    • West's Bankruptcy Reporter – cancelled but retained in collection
    • West's Military Justice Reporter
  • Records and Briefs for U.S. Supreme Court (1792 - date) and Second Circuit (1977 - date) in microform in Koren Center.
  • Oral arguments before the U.S. Supreme Court (1953-date) in microform in Koren Center.

C. Administrative

All agency rules and regulations, decisions, and opinions are selected via the US depository program or ordered directly through GPO Sales Program. Care is taken not to select agency rules and regulations that can easily be found in the CFR.

  • Regulations
    • Federal Register
      Current 18 months in paper
      1936-date in microfilm
      Also available via FDsys and HeinOnline; LexisNexis from 1980+ ; Westlaw from 1981+
    • Code of Federal Regulations
      Current year (2 copies – one print and one fiche copy)
      1939-date on microform with hard copy indexes; HeinOnline; LexisNexis from 1981+ ; Westlaw from 1984+
      Current edition available via FDsys
  • Agency Decisions and Opinions:
    All available decisions and opinions are received through the U.S. depository or ordered directly. Many on LexisNexis, Westlaw, or agency websites.
  • Attorney General's Opinions
    are received through U.S. depository.
  • Presidential Papers
    • Public Papers of the President series received from U.S. depository. 1929 (Hoover) - date. [Vols. for Roosevelt privately published.]
    • Weekly Compilation of Presidential Documents, 1967 – 2008;
    • Daily Compilation of Presidential Documents, 2009- date

U.S. Secondary Sources

A. Legislative
  • Legislative history materials - U.S. Depository:
    • Congressional Reports and Documents: Available from 1980 - 2006 in CIS Microfiche Collection also available via FDsys from 103rd Congress;
    • Congressional Record: most complete set in UB Libraries; paper, microfiche; Available via FDsys from 103rd Congress and HeinOnline
    • Annals of Congress, 1789-1872 and HeinOnline
    • Journals of the Continental Congress, 1776-1789 and HeinOnline
    • Register of Debates and Proceedings, 1824-1837 and HeinOnline
    • Journal of the House of Representatives, 1943-46;1969; 1972; 1974-5; 1977-date
    • Journal of the Senate; 1953-46; 1974; 1979-date
    • Journal of the Executive Proceedings of the Senate, v.122 + , 1980 - date
    • Serial Set available on LexisNexisNexis Congressional
  • Finding Aids:
    • Congressional Information Service
      • CIS Index, 1970-date
        Accompanying microfiche hearings, reports, prints in Koren Center 1970 - 2006
      • Congressional Masterfile I (1789-1969), CD-ROM
      • Congressional Masterfile II (1970-date), CD-ROM
      • U.S. Congressional Committee Hearings Index (1833-1969)
      • Unpublished U.S. Senate Committee Hearings(1823-1972)
      • Unpublished U.S. House of Representative Hearings (1833-1946)
      • U.S. Congressional Committee Prints Index through 1969
      • U.S. Serial Set Index (1789-1969)
      • LexisNexisNexis Congressional Universe - CIS web product
    • CCH Congressional Index 1961- date
B. Judicial
  • West's federal digests; Supreme Court digest (not current)
  • Lawyer's Co-op U.S. Supreme Court Digest
  • Shepard's Citations (LexisNexis)
  • KeyCite (Westlaw)
C. Administrative
  • CIS Index to the CFR 1977 - 2001
  • CIS Federal Register Index 1984 - 1998
D. Loose-leaf Services, Treatises and Formbooks, Practitioner's Materials, Reference materials: Acquired selectively according to Selection Criteria.

General Reference Sources

A. Encyclopedias

  • American Jurisprudence 1st and 2d series – current in print, on LexisNexis, and Westlaw
  • Corpus Juris and Corpus Juris Secundum – current through 1/2007 in print; current on Westlaw
  • Federal procedural encyclopedias/treatises – in print, on LexisNexis and Westlaw

B. Annotated Selective Reporters

  • American Law Reports 1st – 6th series + in print, on LexisNexis and Westlaw
  • American Law Reports Federal and Federal Second + in print, on LexisNexis and Westlaw

C. Dictionaries

  • U.S. general legal dictionaries
  • Foreign general legal dictionaries from English speaking countries
  • Foreign general legal dictionaries from non-English speaking countries, i.e., English and French, etc.
  • Subject oriented legal dictionaries
  • Words and Phrases – in print and on Westlaw

D. Law reviews, legal periodicals, legal newspapers

  • Law reviews – in print, most law reviews that are indexed in LegalTrac; supplemented by journals available on LexisNexis, Westlaw and HeinOnline
  • Legal periodicals – in print, most legal periodicals that are indexed in LegalTrac; supplemented by legal periodicals available on LexisNexis, Westlaw and HeinOnline
  • Legal newspapers – on microform, a selected few, i.e., National Law Journal, New York Law Journal; supplemented by legal newspapers available on LexisNexis and Westlaw
  • Legal periodical indexes –
    1. United States
    2. Canadian
    3. International law, including United Nations

E. Directories and biographical sources

  • General legal directories
  • Specialized legal directories – public interest, legal aid, law firms, corporate counsel, etc.
  • Law School directories
  • Legal employment directories
  • Foreign law firm directories
  • Biographical directories – various such as Martindale-Hubbell, Who’s Who in American Law, American Bench, and Best Lawyers in America

F. Legal Bibliographies

  • General legal bibliographies – e.g., constitutional law
  • Foreign law bibliographies
  • International law bibliographies
  • Bibliographies of websites

Depository Program

The Law Library is a selective Federal Depository Library. The library receives approximately 11.02% of the materials distributed by the U.S. Government Printing Office. These publications include, but are not limited to, the basic collection required by the Federal Depository Library ( These include all primary legal resources, administrative decisions, and annual reports of agencies and their inspectors general, commission reports, most publications of the judicial branch, pertinent Department of Justice publications.

The Federal Depository Library Program (FDLP) released information about an acceleration in the transition of many agency documents from physical formats such as print or microfiche to exclusive World Wide Web publication. The FDLP releases a monthly document "Update to the list of classes." The acquisitions clerk, in conjunction with the Cataloging Department staff, will add links to the library catalog which point to each document. Other sources will also be monitored for both new electronic titles and titles being converted from paper or microfiche to electronic formats.

As a selective Federal Depository Library, the library complies with Federal Depository Library Program regulations and guidelines for maintaining a list of needed materials, listing offers, and obtaining materials through depository "needs and offers" lists. If the Library is able to acquire only portions of a multi-volume work via the "needs and offers" process, the available portions of the work will be added to the collection, and the missing volumes will be sought.

The library also selectively acquires official government documents and publications, whether federal, state, municipal, foreign or international based on subject criteria established in this document. The library serves as a New York State Documents Information and Access Center for New York State documents. For more information on NY State documents see VII(C) below. The Law Library also purchases selected categories of United Nations Documents. For more information about United Nations Documents see XI(E) below.


  1. Regional Reporters
    – currently received and supplemented by LexisNexis and Westlaw
  2. American Digest System
    – in print – Decennial Digests but no longer subscribing to the General Digest updates; supplemented by Westlaw
  3. National Reporter Blue Book
    – current
  4. Pre-National Reporter System reporters
    – all states in microfiche and selected states in print



The New York collection is a comprehensive collection of primary source materials and a research level collection of secondary sources including practitioners' materials.

N.Y. Primary Sources

A. Legislative
  • Bills: Current paper bills kept until bound volumes (1959+ ) received
  • Current legislative session laws
    • McKinney's Session Law News
    • CLS Session Laws
  • Session Laws
    • Laws of New York in print and on the Internet
    • McKinney's Session Laws in print and on Westlaw
    • CLS Session Laws in print and on LexisNexis
    • Local Laws of Cities, Towns, & Villages
      Available in paper 1924 - 1975
      Available in microfiche 1976-81
  • Statutory Compilations
    • Early codes and compilations
    • McKinney's Consolidated Laws of New York (2 print copies; 1 fiche copy)
      Superseded volumes retained
      1909-date also on Microfiche
      Current also on Westlaw
    • CLS
      Current edition also on LexisNexis
      Superseded editions retained
    • Gould's Consolidated Laws (in print, current year only)
  • Other Legislative Materials
    • New York Assembly Documents & New York Senate Documents, 1830-1918
    • New York Legislative Document Series 1919-1975
    • Journal of the Assembly of the State of New York
      [1828,1849-1906 Inc.];161st -175th sess., 1938-1952
      187th sess. 1964 - date. Received from Lockwood Library
    • Journal of the Senate of the State of New York
      [1896-1917 Inc.]; 161st-174th sess., 1938-1951;
      187th sess. 1964 - date. Received from Lockwood Library
  • On-line Legislative Resources
    • New York Legislative Retrieval Service: (LRS) provides access to New York State bills, sponsors' memoranda, agency rules and regulations and the consolidated laws of New York.
    • Internet: New York Assembly and Senate web sites
  • Local and county codes
    The Law Library maintains codes from all the counties, cities, towns and villages located in the 8th judicial district of New York which are available from General Code Publishers (GCP). GCP does not publish all local codes in NY State; many are unavailable. Some local codes are purchased directly from the issuing governmental unit if not available commercially.
  • Local Charters
    Charters not included among the GCP publications are obtained directly if possible.
B. Judicial
  • Official reporters, also available on LexisNexis, Westlaw
  • N.Y. Supplement, also available on LexisNexis, Westlaw
  • Early Nominative Reporters, also available on LexisNexis, Westlaw

C. Administrative

  • Regulations
    • State Register
      Current, on microfiche since 1979
    • New York Official Compilation of Codes, Rules & Regulations
      1 copy, also available in LexisNexis, NY-ADC file in Westlaw, and Westlaw Campus; superseded filings retained beginning with 1974
  • Attorney General Opinions 1796/1872, 1889 - date in print, 1979 - date in microfiche; also on LexisNexis and Westlaw
  • N.Y. State Department Reports (one print copy onsite; one in Annex)
  • Other Agency Decisions & Opinions
    A few are available via depository; others purchased directly; selected agency decisions available in LexisNexis, Westlaw

N.Y. Secondary Sources

  • West's New York Digest 4th, Retain earlier editions
  • New York Jurisprudence 2d in print, also available on LexisNexis, Westlaw, and Westlaw Campus
  • Shepard’s citators available on LexisNexis
  • KeyCite, via Westlaw, Westlaw Patron Access, and limited version available through Westlaw Campus
  • Cases and Points, Microform
    • Court of Appeals 1960-date; retrospectively 1960 - 1933+
    • Appellate Division retrospectively 1984 - 1975 + earlier years
      Selective 4th Dept. 1984 - 88
  • Legislative History materials
    • State of New York Legislative Digest 1985 - date
      Previous title: NY Legislative Record and Index 1912 - 1984
    • Governor's Bill and Veto Jackets 1905, 1920 – 1992 + Microform and on cd-rom 2002 - 2005; also available through the NY State Library Digital Collections at; on Westlaw 219th Legislature (1996) +
  • Treatises, formbooks, practitioners materials purchased selectively according to Selection Criteria.
  • New York law reviews, legal periodicals, & legal newspapers purchased as comprehensively as possible according to Selection Criteria.


The Law Library is designated as a New York State Documents Information and Access Center.  UB’s Lockwood Library is designated as a New York State Documents Research Depository Library.  Information and Access Center libraries receive a very small collection of documents. According to the New York State  Document Depository Manual:

NEW YORK STATE DOCUMENTS INFORMATION AND ACCESS CENTERS receive basic bibliographic tools: the Dictionary Catalog of Official Publications of the State of New York, A Checklist of Official Publications of the State of New York and other bibliographic tools designated by the State Library. All New York State Documents Information and Access Centers also receive this manual and any revisions to it. Membership in this group is open to all libraries in the state. New York State Documents Information and Access Centers are able to identify the existence of particular New York State documents and know how to assist patrons in obtaining access to these documents by referral to another library or through interlibrary loan.

Since 1995, documents have been scanned and placed on the New York State Library website.  Finding Aids for the documents are Exclesior - The New York State Library Catalog
and the New York State Digital Collections, both available at


The State collection is an instructional/practitioner level collection of primary sources. Select secondary sources are available on LexisNexis and Westlaw.
A. Legislative

  • Session Laws: All 50 States on microfiche, complete to date
  • Statutory Compilations: New York (print); other states available via LexisNexis, Westlaw, and Westlaw Campus
  • Superseded State Codes: Microfiche for the following states:
    • CA, CT, DC, DE, FL, GA, IL, LA, MA, ME, MI, NC, NH, NJ, OH, PA, RI, SC, TX, VA, VT, WA

B. Judicial

  • Retrospective coverage in hard copy varies
  • All pre-National Reporter System on microfiche
  • Regional reporters publish all state appellate decisions
  • Official state reporter. Where no official reporter exists, we do NOT collect individual state reprint from the Regional Reporter: AL, AK, CO, IA, KY, LA, MA, MN, MI, MO, ND, OK, SD, TN, TX, UT, WY
  • Pre-200 Regional Reporters are housed in the Annex

C. Administrative Codes

  • Hard copy: CT, NJ, NY, MI
  • We hold partial collections for CT, NJ, and MI. These codes are no longer being kept current.
  • The NY Administrative Code is current and up-to-date.

D. Shepards Ordinance Law Citations

E. Law Reviews, Journals and Newspapers:
Goal is to subscribe to most titles indexed in Index to Legal Periodicals and Books, Legal Resource Index, and LegalTrac.

  • Law Reviews (General & specific): Goal is to obtain one copy of all ABA accredited and ABA provisionally accredited schools. Pre-2000 volumes in digitized format on HeinOnline are housed in the Annex. Binding of journals ceased in 2006. See Binding Policy (Section IV part C above). Some historical volumes are owned on microform.
  • State Bar Journals: State Resources Section under Selection Criteria.
  • Local bar publications are not purchased.

E. Treatises and monographs, Looseleaf Services, and Practitioners' Materials are not collected.


Much of the foreign law collection is dated reflecting the changing faculty interests and budgetary commitments over the life of the Law School. It has been weeded to reflect a basic level collection (mostly historical) for certain countries. Selected primary and secondary sources are maintained for Great Britain and Canada, and until recently, more selectively for Germany. English language materials are preferred except for Germany. Customary law from any country is purchased if in English.

A. Statutory

  • Current statutory codes are maintained for Great Britain, Canada, and Germany.
  • English translations (monographs) of other foreign codes including civil law countries.
  • English translations of customary law codes.
  • Some foreign laws are available on LexisNexis, Westlaw, other commercial databases, and the Internet.
  • Essential Finding tools, such as the Foreign Law Guide by Reynolds and Flores (now updated only online) are purchased.

B. Judicial

  • Reporters are maintained for England and Canada. Selected historical reporters from other countries remain part of the collection.
  • Case law from selected countries is available on LEXISNEXIS, Westlaw, and the Internet.

C. Other Serials

  • Foreign law journals or reviews are purchased on a limited basis with emphasis on Great Britain, Canada, and Germany. Preference is given to titles indexed in Legal Resource Index (Legal Trac) or Index to Foreign Legal Periodicals.
  • Looseleafs which reprint English translations of foreign laws on specific topics are considered.

D. Treatises

  • Generally not purchased, except for selective Canadian titles and "doing business" type titles.

E. Reference Materials

  • Bibliographical tools and titles which discuss legal systems and legal research in foreign countries or foreign law collections at other institutions are purchased.
  • AV recordings of AALL presentations and other audiovisual materials on foreign legal systems and legal research are purchased.
  • Note that Lockwood Library, a unit of the University Libraries, is a Canadian Document depository.


The Comparative Law collection is maintained at an Instructional/Practitioner level. Materials in English only with emphasis on materials where the U.S. is included are preferred.

A. Major comparative law journals are purchased. Proceedings of important conferences are considered.

B. Looseleafs are purchased if broadbased and reference in nature.

C. Basic reference materials are purchased to help users identify sources for interlibrary loan, e.g., International Encyclopedia of Comparative Law and Szladits' Bibliography on Foreign and Comparative Law.

D. Monographs, treatises, etc., are purchased according to the Selection Criteria.

E. Early legal and religious systems: Limited materials preferably in English are purchased for Ancient, Roman, Canon, Islamic, and Buddhist law. Focus is on historic as well as current times. Specialized resources to support the curriculum and faculty research are also purchased.


A research level collection in international law supports the curriculum, the international law moot court competitions, and the Buffalo Human Rights Law Review. The collection has a concentration in the area of human rights supporting the curriculum, the Human Rights Center, and the Graduate Group on Human Rights. The University's collection of United Nations materials along with the Council of Europe and the Organization of American States is included.

Many of the international law materials collected are published in the US, UK, and selected Commonwealth and European countries. As possible, a conscious effort to purchase materials published elsewhere (including “developing” countries) is desirable. An expansive range of points of view is important.

A. Reference Sources

  • Many (with a goal towards being more comprehensive) major international law reference sources in English are purchased including periodical indexes, encyclopedias, bibliographies, English/foreign language dictionaries, abbreviations guides, and research guides.
  • Treaty indexes include U.S., U.N., and multilateral sources in paper and on LEXISNEXIS, Westlaw, HeinOnline, other commercial databases and the Internet.

B. Primary Sources

  • Treaties and International Agreements
    • U.S. Treaties and Other International Agreements (UST)
    • Treaties and Other International Acts Series (TIAS)
    • U.N. Treaty Series (UNTS)
    • European Treaty Series (ETS)
    • League of Nations Treaty Series (LNTS)
    • Consolidated Treaty Series (CTS)
    • Treaty series from Canada and Great Britain
    • Some treaty series available on LexisNexis, Westlaw, or the Internet
  • State Practice / International Relations
    • All Digests of State Practice ,e.g.,
      • Digest of U.S. Practice in International Law
      • The Third Restatement of the Law: The Foreign Relations of the U.S.
      • Foreign Relations of the United States is maintained by Arts and Sciences Libraries with selective holdings in the Law Library.
    • Court Reports: All major intergovernmental tribunals including:
      • Permanent Court of International Justice
      • International Court of Justice
      • Court of Justice of the European Communities
      • European Court of Human Rights
      • Inter-American Court of Human Rights
      • Selected cases from these and other tribunals appear in International Law Reports
      • Many cases from these and other tribunals are also on LEXISNEXIS, Westlaw, other commercial databases and the Internet.

C. Treatises

This collection covers a wide variety of topics. Priorities include: Human Rights, Environment, Intellectual Property, International Trade, Law of the Sea, Criminal Law, Peace and War, General Public International Law, Private International law, and general sources of the law.

D. Serials

  • Looseleafs and other serials are acquired if specific to the curriculum or faculty research. Practice materials are generally not selected. All international law journals and reviews from American law schools as well as many international law yearbooks are collected.
  • Association Proceedings: Published proceedings, workshops, course materials, and major publications of important international associations and institutes are collected:
    • American Society of International Law
    • Hague Academy of International Law/Academie de Droit International
    • Association of Attenders and Alumni of the Hague Academy of International law(AAA)/L'Association des Auditeurs et Anciens Auditeurs de l'Academie de Droit International de la Haye
    • International Law Association
    • Institute of International Law/Institut de Droit International
    • International Bar Association

E. International Governmental Organizations: United Nations

The Law Library maintains a comprehensive collection of United Nations publications as this organization has the responsibility for maintaining international peace and security, the promotion of human rights and the development of international law. It is the only comprehensive United Nations collection (in microform or paper) on campus and therefore serves the needs of a varied clientele. It is best described by format.


  • UN Website/UN Documents Collection Online

Hard copy

  • Standing orders from the Sales Office of the United Nations
    • Official Records from 1946 (early sets incomplete)
      Includes: General Assembly, Security Council, Economic and Social Council, Disarmament Commission, Trusteeship Council, Trade and Development Board and the International Law Commission
    • Publications from the following categories (includes only non-copyrighted materials):
0. UNIDIR and Miscellaneous Publications
I. General Information and Reference
United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)
International Research and Training Institute for the Advancement of Women (INSTRAW)
United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP)
United Nations Industry and Development Organization (UNIDO)
United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA)
Category Name Unknown
IV. Social Questions
V. International Law
VIII. Transport and Communications
IX. Disarmament and Atomic Energy
XI. Narcotic Drugs
XIII. Demography
XIV. Human Rights
XVI. Public Finance and Fiscal Questions
XVII. International Statistics
ICJ International Court of Justice - Select Publications: ICJ Yearbook; ICJ Reports of Judgments (looseleaf and bound); ICJ Pleadings, Oral Arguments; ICJ Bibliography
GAOR (General Assembly) Official Records
SCOR (Security Council) Official Records
- Treaty Series 1946/47 +
  • UN Indexes: (Paper and Readex CD-ROM in Reference)


  • Readex Microprint: 1946 - 1981: (Includes official records and mimeographs excluding the Secretariat)
  • Readex Microfiche: 1982 - : (Includes all publications issued by the United Nations, including monographs & serials not copyrighted)
  • United Nations Documents: 1946 - 1967: (Selected documents from the United Nations issued during the time period 1946 - 1967)


  • United Nations Index on CD-ROM is distributed by Readex Corporation and indexes publications from 1976 to date. Recently, the full text of some resolutions have been added.
  • UNBIS PLUS ON CD-ROM (limited dates)is available at the Reference Desk.


  • UNBIS online (free UN database) indexes UN publications
  • ODS (free UN Database) provides full text of some UN documents
  • Access UN (Readex database) - index with selective full text

F. International Government Organizations: United Nations - Specialized Agencies

The agencies established under Article 57 of the United Nations Charter have been "established by intergovernmental agreement and hav(e) wide international responsibilities, as defined in their basic instruments, in economic, social, cultural, health, and related fields."

  • Selection of publications from the following specialized agencies is made pursuant to Selection Criteria. Standing orders are maintained when appropriate.
    • Food and Agriculture Organization
    • General Agreement of Tariffs and Trade
    • Intergovernmental Maritime Consultative Organization
    • International Atomic Energy Agency
    • International Civil Aviation Organization
    • International Fund for Agricultural Development
    • International Labour Organization
    • International Monetary Fund
    • International Telecommunications Union
    • United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization
    • Universal Postal Union
    • World Bank
    • World Health Organization
    • World Intellectual Property Organization
    • World Meteorological Organization
  • Agency catalogs and commercial indexes are checked to determine publications of interest for addition to the Law Library collection.
  • Many UN Specialized Agency publications are available on the Internet.

G. Other Intergovernmental Organizations

Publications from intergovernmental agencies are selected according to subject content. Emphasis is placed on those publications which deal with judicial, legislative or human rights questions.

  • Council of Europe - An extensive collection via standing order from Manhattan Pub. Co.
  • European Communities - Selective acquisition as Arts and Sciences Libraries is a depository.
  • Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development - Selective acquisitions as Arts and Sciences Libraries maintain an overall standing order for this agency. The Law Library canceled its comprehensive standing order in 1975.
  • Organization of American States - Maintain a comprehensive direct standing order.
  • Note that UB’s Lockwood Library is a depository for the European Union.
  • Many IGO publications are available on the Internet.

H. Human Rights Non-Governmental Organizations

Standing package plans for:

  • Human Rights Watch including Africa Watch, Asia Watch, Middle East Watch, and Helsinki Watch.
  • Amnesty International
  • Human Rights Documents on microfiche, a collection of NGO publications with printed guide. Budget has not permitted updating this collection for several years.
  • Many NGO publications are available on the Internet.



The Law Library subscribes to LexisNexis and Westlaw under law school educational subscriptions. Both vendors provide all law students and law faculty with unlimited access to databases available in standard law school contracts. Catalog records for treatises accessible through LexisNexis and Westlaw are available in BISON. However, contractual restrictions prohibit access to patrons outside of the law school community.


The University Libraries subscribes to Westlaw Campus. Accessible campus-wide, this database provides public access to the full text of federal and state cases, federal and state statutes, law reviews and journal articles, American Jurisprudence 2d, American Law Reports, and selected administrative materials. Westlaw Campus includes a limited version of KeyCite. Access to the full version of KeyCite is available in the Law Library at designated research workstations.

Other Online Resources - Proprietary Databases, Services, and Online Indexes

Faculty, students and staff of the Law School have access to a wide variety of social science, science, and humanities databases licensed to the University Libraries. The Law Library also provides access to proprietary databases and services focusing on law. Use may be limited to the Law Library premises or to authorized members of the law school community depending on the terms of the license agreement. Examples of proprietary databases, services, and indexes are:

  • AILALink
  • BNA
  • CCH Internet Research Network
  • Constitutions of Countries of the World
  • Constitutions of Dependencies and Territories
  • Constitutions of the United States National and State
  • Eighteenth Century Collection Online – Law Module
  • HeinOnline
  • Index to Foreign Legal Periodicals
  • Index to Legal Periodicals and Books
  • Index to Legal Periodicals Retrospective
  • LegalTrac
  • LexisNexis Congressional
  • LoisLaw
  • LLMC Digital
  • RIA Checkpoint
  • UN Treaty Series On-line

Other Online Resources – Free Internet Resources

Internet sites of particular legal interest are highlighted on the Law Library's Homepage and/or cataloged in BISON.

XII. Koren Center for Clinical Legal Education

A. Audiovisual Materials

  • Definition

Audiovisual (hereinafter AV) materials are those that contain information of an auditory and/or visual nature, excluding replications of a printed page (e.g., microforms). Included in the Koren Center are: audio CD programs, VHS videocassettes, and DVD programs. Also included are CD-ROM programs, some of which offer CD video for interactive instruction. In addition to the physical format collection, electronic audiovisual media that reside on servers or in other forms of electronic storage, and are available via inter or intra nets, are part of this definition.

  • Audiovisual Selection

The Audiovisual Librarian reviews all requests and considers the following:

  • Equipment or electronic access requirements
  • CD Audio or other electronic audio versions are preferred if video productions of "talking heads" contain no demonstrative value.
  • Video productions with visual impact and demonstrative value such as demonstrations of trial technique or course-related documentaries.
  • Duplication of titles
    • Titles owned by other University Libraries are generally not duplicated unless circumstances require a second copy in the Law Library.
  • Titles over $300.00 should be previewed by a faculty member or the AV Librarian when it is practical to do so.
  • Any accompanying printed materials should be retained, including seminar schedules, posters, flyers, catalog descriptions, publishers blurbs, as well as any manuals, indexing tools, or URLs or electronic files.
  • Lost or damaged materials will be replaced on an individual basis after review by the AV Librarian according to the selection procedures and criteria.
  • As of 2006, in-house recordings will be recorded via digital technologies.
  • In-house digital recording that are selected for cataloging and addition to the Library’s collection will be stored in an appropriate electronic form or format, with access (or distribution) being determined by the specific need.
  • As of 2005 the Koren Center will only purchases video titles in the DVD format when available. If VHS is the only video format available, and the program in question is a faculty request, than the program will be purchased in the VHS videocassette format.
  • When possible, existing video titles in the collection will be replaced with the DVD version.
  • The AV Librarian will progressively respond to any requests or needs for emerging media technologies in the Law School or Library. These technologies include licensed access to video on demand (VOD) or streaming media services; and the newer high definition media formats such as Blu-Ray. In such cases, the AV Librarian will evaluate the practicality of the technology and application with the cost of purchases or access.
  • Legacy analog formats will be discarded from the collection progressively, and where there is no issue of copyright infringement, the content will be reformatted in an appropriate manner. Legacy formats include: open ½ inch reel videotape, u-matic ¾ inch videocassette, 1/8 inch audiocassettes tapes, open reel ¼ inch audio tape, and 35 mm slide film.
  • Selection Criteria: Substance
    • Law faculty requests intended for curriculum purposes are given special consideration.
    • Materials basic to the Law School curriculum are considered for priority purchase, including documentary, special interest programs or feature length motion pictures.
    • Research level media works, works or talks by prominent individuals in a profession, and certain practice oriented materials are considered for purchase.
    • Certain audio or video law school study aids are collected and reviewed for update before the start of each semester. Materials include:
      • Gilberts Law Summaries
      • Sum and Substance: West Professional Training Programs
    • Specific materials basic to legal education that include such topics as trial advocacy, appellate advocacy, mediation, arbitration, negotiation and client interviewing will be reviewed and updated regularly. Practitioner materials such as updates and seminars will be purchased selectively and should be relevant to course work in the Law School.
    • CD recordings of AALL and AALS meetings are purchased selectively.
    • In-house productions that meet the above criteria are added to the permanent collection as follows:
      • The AV Librarian contacts the sponsoring faculty or Law School organization to request permission to record and collect copies of posters, newspaper articles, and other relevant materials that will accompany the recording.
      • As the Koren Center regularly records many events, the AV Librarian will review all recordings with the sponsoring faculty or Law School organization to determine which recordings have significant value and warrant cataloging and addition to the collection. In such cases, the Law School or Library must have speaker recording permission and release documentation on file and available for inspection.
      • Events which constitute a relevant archival record should be recorded when possible. Examples include the annual Mitchell Lecture, conferences sponsored or co-sponsored by the Law School, Baldy Short Courses, Annual Desmond Moot Court Competition and Mugel (Tax) Moot Court Competitions finals, Law School graduation ceremonies, Annual Law Revue, and other events that document the history of the Law School.

B. Microforms

  • Definition

Microforms are a condensed version of print on film. The Law Library has historically collected microform materials for several reasons:

    • Unavailability of the material in any other format: rare, archival or unique materials are often reproduced and distributed only in the microform.
    • Microform reproductions store the information in a more durable and lasting format than than paper.
    • Microforms render binding of paper copy unnecessary.
    • Microforms take up much less space than the equivalent information in paper.
    • With the advent of digital microform scanners in the mid-1990s microforms can now be easily scanned and faxed, e-mailed or saved as an electronic file
  • Microform Selection

Selection of microform titles is made by the Collection Management Committee based on the Selection Criteria. The Koren Center houses and maintains the microform collection and provides access via the reading/printing equipment. The AV Librarian reviews all requests for compatibility of format and storage.

  • Selection Criteria: Microform materials must be compatible with equipment available in the Koren Center or other locations in the Law Library. Microform formats currently in the collection include microfiche (105mm) and microfilm (16mm and 35 mm).
    • Format: microfiche or microfilm
    • Polarity: Negative is preferred
    • Film type: diazo - black or blue
    • Magnification: between 9x and 48x, depending on film type
    • Capacity: Sufficient microform cabinets must be available
    • Quality - Physical: adequate contrast for readability
    • Quality - Content: Completeness of information and access tools with online or print indexing

C. Computer Files

The Koren Center has a number of text based resources available in Windows or Mac software. Such materials are supplements or appendices to existing print material otherwise selected. When selecting print titles that incorporate software the AV Librarian needs to be notified in order to determine if the necessary equipment is available to access information from this format. Traditionally the formats that the Koren Center has stored and provided access to are in the 3 1/2 inch floppy disc format and CD-ROM.

D. Media Reference Materials

The Audiovisual Librarian consults many film and video reference sources including a vertical catalog file of print catalogs and online catalogs of media producers and distributors programming. An attempt is also made to collect basic sources as well as those specialized in the areas of social science, human rights, and the law. The Department collects and maintains a collection of basic media reference sources that are used to identify media distributors, producers and equipment manufacturers. The Department also collects technical AV and computer technical manuals and guides for staff use.

E. Collection Development & Management

  • The AV Librarian works with the Head of Collection Management and the Director of the Library concerning the development of the Koren AV collection, especially in determining the budget for AV materials.
  • The AV Librarian communicates significant changes in usage and growth (space) restrictions that may impact the future management of the microform collection.
  • The AV Librarian will discard titles from the AV collection that have become dated, damaged or no longer serve an instructional function in the Law School curriculum. Librarians will be notified of weeding activities at Collection Management Committee meetings.

XIII. Other Collections

A. Faculty Reading Room

The Law School’s Faculty Reading Room is maintained by Law Library staff on behalf of the Law School. All Faculty reading Room collection development decisions are guided by faculty input. Collections held in the Reading Room include select law reviews and a collection of books authored or edited by faculty.

B. SUNY Shared Collection

In 2006 the university center libraries launched a pilot project creating a shared collection jointly owned by all SUNY Centers (Albany, Binghamton, Buffalo, Stony Brook) libraries. Each of the SUNY Centers contributed equally to purchase titles from eight major university presses. The presses selected are: Michigan, Chicago, Duke, Harvard, Yale, Minnesota, Washington, and Cornell. The 2006 imprints are held at Albany and Binghamton. Stony Brook and Buffalo hold the 2007 imprints. Cataloging records are entered into local catalogs and books held by other campuses will be requested through interlibrary loan. Faculty and graduate students will have a three-month loan period. Buffalo received 2007 titles from the following university presses: Cornell, Yale, Michigan, and Washington.

The SUNY Shared Collection pilot program is now a standing program. Each year Buffalo will receive titles from the following presses: Duke, Cornell, Michigan. All titles with a K or JZ call number received by UB Libraries under this program will be housed in the Law Library.

NOTE: Albany: Harvard, Washington; Binghamton: Yale, Minnesota; Stony Brook: Chicago

XIV. Criteria for Law Library Materials Sent to the UB Libraries Annex

Criteria for Paper Materials Sent to the Annex

The following materials have been selected for transfer to the Annex. These items were selected by the subject selectors in the Law Library, in consultation with the faculty of the SUNY Buffalo Law School.

  • Law reviews and other serial titles, prior to 2000, which were available on HeinOnline in Spring 2008, with the exception of law reviews and journals originating at the SUNY Buffalo Law School.
  • West regional case reporters, prior to 2000
  • Official state case reporters, prior to 2000 with the exception of select states
  • Selected United States administrative agency decisions and reports prior to 2000
  • Selected runs of pre-2000 low-use serial titles
  • Second copies of NY and Federal reporters

Criteria for Microform Materials Sent to the Annex

1. Environmental Control

The Law Library sent microform materials to the Annex in fall 2006 because the following considerations were met:

  • The temperature in the Annex facility should be the same, if not better than temperatures in the Law Library. Standard heating (68 degrees F) and standard cooling (78 degrees F) should be maintained in the stack areas.
  • No excessive exposure to UV light
  • No relative humidity that exceeds 65% for an extended period of time
  • Air distribution should be uniform to avoid stratification.
  • Microform materials must be shelved in cabinets designed for the media
  • Existing organizational systems for collections must be maintained

2. Selection of Microforms

The following factors determine the feasibility of sending microform to the Annex:

  • Format obsolescence
  • Frequency of usage
  • Ease of identifying and retrieving items from collection
  • Space needs in Law Library

3. The following items are in the Annex

  • NY State Appellate Division Records & Briefs (3d & 4th Depts.) in microfilm


  • Affordable Housing Clinic
    Students work with faculty and other experts to represent nonprofit developers of affordable housing and to assist in financing the creation of low-income and special-needs housing. Work includes forming the development concept, drafting a feasibility study, planning and financing, and project construction through operation or sale of the project. Students are exposed to sophisticated contract issues and financing mechanisms, including tax credit and bond financing.
  • Community Economic Development Clinic
    In this clinic, students counsel community organizations and enterprises, not-for-profit corporations, worker-owned or micro enterprise businesses, labor unions, and government agencies in a wide array of transactional matters. Its focus is to increase economic security within lower income communities through job creation, access to tax credits, and commercial development and finance.
  • Environmental Law and Policy Clinic
    This clinic works with non-profit environmental groups and local governments to advocate for the protection of natural resources and a smarter way of promoting economic development. Policy issues that have direct impact upon the Western New York community include: hazardous waste and solid waste landfills, heavily polluted defense sites, and environmental justice standards.
  • Environment and Development Clinic
    Focusing on issues emerging at the intersection of environmental and economic development concerns students in this clinic work with non-profit environmental groups and local governments to advocate for the protection of natural resources and a smarter way of promoting economic development: renewable energy, brownfields, municipal law, environmental review, sustainable transportation.
  • Clinic for Women, Children, and Social Justice
    This clinic’s mission is to prevent domestic violence and promote the legal rights of victims of domestic violence including women, children, the elderly, and same sex partners; seeks justice and provides legal resources for people on the margins of our society: the homeless, the impoverished and working poor, immigrants, and the disabled; teaches law students to become effective advocates for domestic violence victims and serves as a resource throughout the region, the state, and beyond.
  • Law and Social Work Clinic
    Students enrolled in the JD/MSW dual degree program work in legal service agencies, social service agencies, prosecutor offices, or in the therapeutic courts consistent with their concentration in the Masters of Social Work Program. Students are also enrolled in the JD/MSW Colloquium to discuss issues and concerns of being a dual professional.
  • Mediation Clinic
    Dispute resolution is extensively used in federal and state courts through mediation referral programs and in the private sector to avoid costly court battles. First semester includes training in mediation advocacy- developing lawyering skills; second semester involves mediating disputes in role-plays and with actual clients in family law, small claims, community or other disputes referred by local courts and/or other community mediation.
  • William and Mary Foster Elder Law Clinic
    Students work in areas relevant to medical care in the context of cases dealing with health-law issues faced by the elderly.
  • Immigration Law Clinic
    Students examine the laws, governmental agencies, and procedures used in the submission of cases to the U.S. Department of Labor, the U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services, and the U.S. Department of State.
  • Sustainable Environmental Clinic
    The Environmental Law and Policy Clinic provides students with practical legal experience in environmental advocacy, client representation, public outreach and community-based conservation. Students work with non- profit environmental groups and governmental entities to protect the environment and quality of life for the future using legal/planning tools and legislation.
  • Public Service Externships
    Students participate in carefully selected and closely supervised placements, including judicial clerkships, legislative externships, and selected externships associated with curricular concentrations..
  • Affordable Housing and Community Development (Hezel, Breen)
  • Civil Litigation (Gardner)
  • Criminal Law (including L.L.M. program) (Binder)
  • Environmental Law (Meidinger)
  • Family Law (Tompkins)
  • Finance Transactions (Disare)
  • Health Law (Szczygiel)
  • International Law (Mutua)
  • Labor & Employment (Avery)
  • Technology & Intellectual Property (Reis)


  • Atleson, James
    Labor Law; Law and the Visual Arts; Labor History; International Labor Law
  • Avery, Dianne
    Employment; Employment Discrimination; Family Property; Real Property;
  • Bartholomew, Mark
    Intellectual Property
  • Berger, Robert
    Civil Procedure; Complex Litigation; Environment & Development Policy; Brownfields
  • Binder, Guyora
    Constitutional; Criminal; International Human Rights; International Law; Philosophy of Law & Legal Theory
  • Boyer, Barry
    Administrative; Environmental Law; Occupational Safety and Health Law; Natural Resources; Water Quality
  • Breen, Lauren (Clinic)
    Affordable Housing and Community Development
  • Braverman, Irus
    Law and Geography; Law and Anthropology; Law and Nature
  • Buckley, Elizabeth
    Commercial Paper; UCC
  • Carr, Charles
    Criminal Procedure
  • Cerulli, Catherine (Clinic)
    Family Violence
  • Clor, Bernadette
    Research & Writing
  • Disare, Thomas (Clinic)
    Corporate Finance
  • Dubber, Markus
    Criminal Justice; Criminal Procedure
  • Engel, David
    Conflict Resolution; Torts; Products Liability; Disabilities & Law; Law, Culture & Society, Rights of Disabled; Law and Anthropology
  • Ewing, Charles
    Criminal Law; Evidence; Juvenile Law; Law & Psychiatry; Forensic Science in Criminal Investigation
  • Faherty, Sara
    Constitutional law; Community Development Clinic; Housing
  • Finley, Lucinda
    Torts; Toxic Torts; Mass Tort Litigation; Employment Discrimination; Feminist Jurisprudence; Women and the Law
  • Foster, Kathryn
    Regionalism; Regional Governance
  • French, Rebecca
    Buddhism; Comparative Religion; Law and Anthropology
  • Gardner, James
    Constitutional Law; Election Law
  • Gelerntner, Lise
    Legislative Process
  • Halpern, Philip
    Civil Rights; Clinical Legal Studies; Criminal Law; Criminal Procedure; Basic Federal Tax; Corporation Tax; PartnershipTax; Real Estate Finance and Housing; Finance Transactions
  • Haynes, Nan
    Research & Writing
  • Headrick, Thomas
    International Finance
  • Hezel, George (Clinic)
    Community Development Law; Housing Development Law; Legal Profession & Ethics
  • Joyce, Kenneth
    Property; Taxation; Trusts & Estates; Gratuitous Transfers; Introduction to Law
  • Kannar, George
    Constitutional Law; Federal Courts; Evidence; Criminal Procedure, Ethics, Law & Politics; Telecommunications Law
  • Konefsky, Alfred
    American Colonial Legal History; Contracts; Law & American Labor History
  • Lazar, Stuart
  • Lindgren, Janet
    Contracts; Legislation; Remedies
  • Malkan, Jeff
    Research & Writing, Copyright
  • Mangold, Sue
    Child Welfare Law; Family Law; Evidence and the Child Victim; Guardianship
  • Marcus, Isabel
    Administrative Law; Family Law; Labor Law; Social Security Law; Women's Health Issues; Jurisprudence & Gender; Human Rights & Women; Comparative Women’s Rights; Violence Against Women
  • Mather, Lynn
    Law & Society; Law and Political Science
  • McCluskey, Martha
    Family Law; Feminist Theory; Workers' Compensation; Civil Rights; Regulatory Law; Economic Inequality; Gender Issues
  • Meidinger, Errol
    Administrative Law; Environmental & Natural Resources Law; Sustainability; Property
  • Miller, Teri
    Race and Gender; Contracts; Prisoners; Immigration; Use of Media in Teaching
  • Milles, James
    Law and Technology; Legal Information; Social Media and Networking Technologies
  • Mutua, Athena
    Race & Gender; Civil Rights; Human Rights
  • Mutua, Makau
    International Human Rights; International Law
  • Olsen, R. Nils
    Civil Procedure, Civil Rights Litigation; Criminal Procedure; Clinical Legal Education; Environmental Policy and Litigation; Solid and Hazardous Waste Policy
  • Phillips, Margaret
    Research & Writing
  • Phillips, Stephanie
    Conflict of Law; Securities Regulation; Law & Religion
  • Plants, Jennifer
    Research & Writing
  • Reilly, Laura
    Research & Writing
  • Reis, Robert
    Computer Law; Environmental Law; Land Use Controls; Real Property; Personal Property; Technology and Environment; Commercial Real Estate Development & Finance
  • Saran, Melinda
    Education Law
  • Scales-Trent, Judy
    Administrative; Comparative Constitutional; Employment Discrimination; Law and Literature; Race; Women in the Legal Profession
  • Schlegel, John Henry
    Civil Procedure; Commercial Law; Contracts; Corporations; Secured Transactions; Legal Education; Critical Legal Studies
  • Sherk, Barbara
    Research & Writing; Critical Analysis; Bar Exam Skills
  • Steinfeld, Robert
    American Legal History; Property
  • Su, Rick
    Immigration Law; Local Government Law
  • Sullivan, Winnifred Fallers
    Law & Religion
  • Szczygiel, Tony
    Administrative; Business of Health Care; Elder Law Clinic; Health Care and Elderly
  • Taussig-Rubbo, Mateo
    Anthropology & Law; Gifts/Sacrifice & Law
  • Tomkins, Suzanne
    Family Violence
  • Westbrook, Amy
    International Finance; International Trade
  • Westbook, Burt
    International Law; Corporations; Securities Regulation
  • Winkelstein, Kendra
    Research & Writing
  • Wooten, James
    Pension/Employee Benefits; Labor Law; Bankruptcy
  • Yearby, Ruqaiijah
    Law & Public Health

Last Updated February 12, 2009